Azerbaijan’s vision in logistics and trade by 2020 is to achieve the creation of added value for regional transit freight, in addition to attracting the freight traffic. Post 2025, Azerbaijan’s long-term aim is to become a regional logistics hub through efficiently operating logistics centres with strong connectivity to other countries. Zira Port aims to significantly improve the logistics and trade infrastructure during this period.
There are currently three operational rail corridors that physically connect China and Europe. The northern one goes mainly through Russia, and for the most part follows the route of the Trans-Siberian Express.
The central route goes all the way across Kazakhstan before linking into the northern route in the west of Russia. While the southern route goes through Kazakhstan to Aktau and crosses the Caspian Sea by ferry to Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Turkey. Along each corridor, the transport time is in the ballpark of 10.5 to 16 days.
Azerbaijan is a key country in terms of developing the Trans-Caspian route. As we can see from the map, Azerbaijan is right in the middle of everything.
The Trans-Caspian East-West Trade and Transit Corridor
The Trans-Caspian East-West Trade and Transit Corridor brings together the Central Asia, Caspian and Black Sea strategic regions to form a viable trade and transit corridor between Europe and East & South-East Asia.
Connecting trade, people and economies, the modern trans-Caspian corridor has extensive and integrated network of infrastructure, special economic zones, harmonized customs, cross-border procedures and more along this route.
Today, ambitious regional infrastructure projects will ensure swift and efficient shipments of all types of goods. These projects will connect Asian and European transport networks, significantly shorten delivery time and save transportation costs for delivering goods from Asian to European markets. Expanding regional transport grids along the Trans-Caspian corridor opens new opportunities for transcontinental shipments, and innovative services. Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Turkmenistan form a market of around 150 million consumers. These countries are willing to offer customized and integrated solutions to companies with highly sophisticated supply chains.
Zira Port is located on the Far East side of the Baku peninsula. This allows the port to access all the ferry lines across Caspian Sea. International ferry lines connecting Zira Port to other countries around the Caspian Sea include:
ZIRA – ASTRAKHAN – : 430 NM
ZIRA – ASTARA : 145 NM
ZIRA – TURKMENBASHI – : 150 NM
ZIRA – AMIR ABAD : 246 NM
ZIRA – BANDAR ANZALI : 246 NM
ZIRA – AKTAU : 270 NM
ZIRA – KURYK : 199 NM
The Open Roads Connecting to Zira Port
Zira Port is strategically located within minutes of Heydar Aliyev Highway and boasts uncongested connections to the H. Aliyev International Airport, Baku City Center as well as Baku – Red Bridge Border Customs (574 KM – Georgia), Baku – Samur Border Customs (260 KM – Russia) and Baku – Astara Border Customs (378 – Iran).
Zira Highway on the Port’s Northside provides quick and easy access to Heydar Aliyev and Zigh highways and provides a direct connection to the Port’s Inner Harbor.
Zira Port is located 9 km away from the Pirallahi – Baku railroad that directly connects to the international railroad of Azerbaijan Republic. Travel from Baku (Azerbaijan) to Tbilisi (Georgia) by train (448 km)
Zira Port has an access to The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railroad that completes a transport corridor linking Azerbaijan to Turkey (and therefore Central Asia and China to Europe) by rail. The line has capacity to transport annual volume of 6.5 million tonnes, rising to a long-term target of 17 million tonnes.